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Terms Commonly Used in TCM




中国医药学 Traditional Chinese Medicine


治未病 prevention of disease

中医基础理论 Basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine


脏腑 zang-organs and fu-organs, viscera

临床经验 clinical experience


功能活动 functional activities

辨证论治 treatment based on syndrome differentiation


形神统一 unity of the body and spirit

本草 materia medica, herbs


阴阳失调 imbalance of yin and yang

中药 Chinese materia medica, Chinese medicinal herbs


条达舒畅 free development

四气五味 four properties and five tastes


延年益寿 prolonging life, promising longevity

针灸 acupuncture and moxibustion, acumox


养生防病 cultivating health to prevent disease

各家学说 theories of different schools


正气 healthy qi, vital qi

汗法 diaphoresis, sweating therapy


病邪 pathogenic factor

下法 purgative therapy, purgation


整体观念 concept of holism

吐法 emetic therapy, vomiting therapy


疾病的本质与现象 nature and manifestations of disease

补土派 school of invigorating the earth


阴阳的相对平衡 relative balance between yin and yang

病因学说 etiology


疾病的发生与发展 occurrence and development of disease

养生 health-cultivation,


同病异治 treating the same disease with different therapies

医疗实践 medical practice


异病同治 treating different diseases with the same therapy

治疗原则 therapeutic principles


五脏 five zang-organs, five zang-viscera

寒凉药物 herbs of cold and cool nature, cold-natured herbs


六腑 six fu-organs, six fu-viscera

滋阴降火 nourishing yin to lower/reduce fire


经络系统 system of meridians and collaterals

滋水涵木 enriching water to nourish wood


余热未尽 incomplete abatement of heat

瘀血致泻 disease caused by blood stasis


有机整体 organic wholeness/integrity

先天之精 congenital essence


表里关系 exterior and interior relation

形与神俱 inseparability of the body and spirit


开窍 opening into

开胃 promoting appetite


自然现象 natural phenomena

脉象 pulse conditions, pulse pattern


哲学概念 philosophical concept

邪正关系 states of pathogenic factors and healthy qi


对立统一 unity of opposites

发热恶寒 fever and aversion to cold


相互消长 mutual waning and waxing

头身疼痛 headache and body pain


相互转化 mutual transformation

久痢脱肛 proctoptosis due to prolonged dysentery


阴阳属性 nature of yin and yang

养阴清热 nourishing yin and clearing away heat


相互联系 interrelation

清肺热 clear away lung-heat


相互制约 mutual restraint, mutual restriction/interaction

湿邪犯肺 pathogenic dampness invading the lung


动态平衡 dynamic equilibrium

清热泻火 clearing away heat and reducing fire


阴平阳秘 yin and yang in equilibrium

腠理 muscular interstices, striae, interstitial space


阴阳的互根互用 interdependence of yin and yang

水湿停滞 retention of water and dampness, water retention


相互依存 interdependence

癃闭 retention of urine


阴阳离绝 separation of yin and yang

气血运行 circulation/flow of qi and blood


相反相成 opposite and supplementary to each

阴阳转化 transformation between yin and yang


生理功能 physiological functions

阳消阴长 yang waning and yin waxing


病理变化 pathological changes

阴胜则阳病 predominance of yin leading to disorder of yang


临床诊断 clinical diagnosis

阴胜则阳病 an excess of yin leads to deficiency of yang


阳胜生外热 exuberance of yang leading to exterior heat

阳胜则热 predominance of yang generating heat


阳中求阴 obtaining yang from yin

寒极生热 extreme cold generating heat


绝对偏盛 absolute predominance

热极生寒 extreme heat generating cold


阳虚则寒 yang deficiency leading to cold

阳损及阴 impairment of yang involving yin


阴阳俱损 simultaneous consumption of yin and yang

阴液不足 insufficiency of yin-fluid


阴阳两虚 simultaneous deficiency of both yin and yang

病机总纲 general principle of pathogenesis


阳虚发热 fever due to yang deficiency

病机 pathomechanism, pathological mechanism


阴阳自和 natural harmony between yin and yang

阴阳胜复 alternative predominance of yin and yang


木乘土 the wood over-restrains the earth

虚寒证 deficiency-cold syndrome


木火刑金 wood-fire impairs the metal

扶阳退阴 strengthening yang to reduce yin


金水相生 generation between the metal and water

祛风散寒 expelling/eliminating wind to dispersing cold


生克制化 interrelationship between generation and restriction

消导积滞 promoting digestion and removing food retention


制则生化 restriction ensuring generation

潜阳熄风 suppressing yang to quench wind


母病及子 disease of the mother-organ affecting the child-organ

五行学说 theory of five elements


传变 transmission of disease, progress of disease

运动变化 motion and variation


子病犯母 disease of the child-organ affecting the mother-organ

正邪相争 struggle/combat between healthy qi and pathogenic factors


肝肾精血不足 insufficiency of liver and kidney essence and blood

相生相克 mutual generation and restriction


肝阳上亢 hyperactivity of liver yang

生我,我生 to be generated and to generate


肝血虚 asthenia / deficiency of heart and liver blood

克我,我克 to be restricted and to restrict


心肝火旺 exuberance of heart and liver fire 

生中有制 restriction within generation


心火亢盛 hyperactivity/exuberance of heart fire

克中有生 generation within restriction


滋肾养肝 nourishing the kidney and liver

木曰曲直 wood is characterized by growing freely and peripherally


方位配五行 correspondence of the directions to the five elements

火曰炎上 fire is characterized by flaming up


温肾健脾 warming the kidney and strengthening the spleen

土爰稼穑 earth is characterized by cultivation and reaping


肾阳式微 declination of kidney yang

金曰从革 metal is characterized by change


脾阳不振 inactivation of spleen yang

病缓起 gradual onset of disease


脾胃虚弱 hypofunction/weakness of the spleen and stomach

肝阴不足 insufficiency of liver yin


地道不通 menopause

相乘相侮 over-restriction and reverse restriction


平肝和胃 soothing the liver and harmonizing the stomach

水湿停聚 retention of water-dampness


水火不济 discordance between water and fire

肾阴不足 insufficiency of kidney yin


藏象学说 theory of visceral manifestations

心肾不交 disharmony between the heart and kidney


奇恒之腑 extraordinary fu-organs

宣通水道 dredging water passage


水谷精微 cereal nutrients, essence of water and food

通调水道 dredging and regulating water passage


传化水谷 transmission and transformation of food

行气利水 activating qi to excrete water


贮藏精气 storage of essence

水液停滞 retention of fluid


治疗效果 curative / therapeutic effect

后天之本 postnatal / acquired base of life


藏而不泻 storage without excretion

调畅气机 regulating qi activity


泻而不藏 excretion without storage

肝气上逆 upward flow of liver qi


表热里寒 exterior heat and interior cold

水曰润下 water is characterized by moistening and downward flowing


肝旺脾虚 hyperfunction of the liver and weakness of the spleen医.学.全.在线.网.站.提供

脾主运化 the spleen governing transportation and transformation


大肉陷下 obvious emaciation and muscular atrophy, extreme emaciation

肝气郁结 stagnation of liver qi


面色红润 ruddy complexion, rosy cheeks

胆虚证 gallbladder deficiency syndrome


胆虚不得眠 insomnia due to gallbladder asthenia

腐熟水谷 digesting food


导便法 laxation

食欲不振 poor appetite


跌打损伤 traumatic injury

脘腹胀闷 epigastric distension and depression


动静结合 integration of motion and quietness/stillness

嗳气酸腐 eructation with fetid odor


定喘 relieving asthma

泌别清浊 separating the clear from the turbid


心主血脉 the heart controlling blood and vessels

食物残渣 residue of food


心气充沛 abundance of heart qi

大肠主传导 the large intestine governing transmission and transportation


防御外邪入侵 preventing the invasion of exogenous pathogenic factor

癃闭 dysuria, retention of urine, anuria and dysuria


血液充盈 plenty of blood

面黄肌瘦 emaciation with sallow complexion


脉道不利 unsmoothness of vessels

止珠偏斜 strabismus, squint, ocular deviation


面色无华 lusterless complexion

调节水液 regulation of water


脉象细弱 thin and weak pulse

排泄糟粕 excretion of waste material


面色萎黄 sallow complexion

髓海不足 insufficiency of marrow-sea


汗血同源 sweat and blood sharing the same origin

精神委靡 dispiritedness, listlessness, lower spirit


升降出入 ascending, descending, coming in and going out

月经不调 irregular menstruation


气为血帅 qi serves as the commander of the blood

冲任不固 weakness of thoroughfare and conception vessels


气血凝滞 stagnation of qi and blood

经期延长 prolonged menstruation


血瘀 blood stasis

小肠实热 sthenia-heat in the small intestine


气滞腰痛 lumbago due to qi stagnation

气机调畅 smooth activity of qi


气虚滑胎 habitual abortion due to qi asthenia

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