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您现在的位置: 医学全在线 > 医学英语 > 英语教学 > 英文病历 > 正文:简明病历书写手册第六章:体检(一般项目)[Physical examination(general items)]
    

医学英文病历书写手册第六章:体检(一般项目)[Physical examination(general items)]


12、头发与指甲[hair and nail]
•头发(稀疏、浓密、秃头)的[hair (sparse, dense, bald)]
•头皮[scalp]
•粗(细)[coarse (fine)]
•密(疏)[thick (thin)]
•干性(油性)[dry (oily)]
•有(无)光泽的[lustrous (lusterless)]
•多(少、无)毛[hairy (oligotrichosis, hairless)]
•脱发(斑秃、全秃)[hair loss (alopecia areata, baldness)]
•眉毛(阴毛、腋毛)稀少(过多)[scant (excessive) eyebrows (public hair, axillary hair)]
•体毛(胡须)[body hair(beard) ]
•全身性多毛症[hypertrichosis universalis]
•毛发的性状和分布[quality and distribution of the hair]
•甲变形(匙状甲)[deformities of nail (spoonnail)]
•薄(脆)甲[thin (brittle) nail]
•甲脱落[ongchoptosis]
13、浅表淋巴结[superficial lymph nodes]
•浅表淋巴结未扪及[be no palpable superficial lymph nodes (…can not be palpated)]
•淋巴结肿大[enlarged lymph nodes (lymphnode enlargement)]
•部位[site]
▲全身(局部)[general (local)]
▲耳前(后)淋巴结[pre(post)-auricular nodes]
▲枕后淋巴结[occipital nodes]
▲颏下淋巴结[submental nodes]
▲下颌淋巴结[submaxillary nodes]
▲颈前(后)淋巴结[anterior (posterior) cervical nodes]
▲ 锁骨上淋巴结[supraclavicular nodes]
▲滑车上淋巴结[epitrochlear nodes]
▲腋窝上(内侧,前,后,外侧)淋巴结[axillary top (medial,anterior,posterior,lateral)]
▲腹股沟淋巴结(横组,纵组)[inguinal nodes (transverse group,longitudinal group) lymphnode]
•大小[size]医学.全在.线www.med126.com
▲4×2cm大小[4 by 2 cm in diameter (size)]
▲米粒(豌豆,核,小指,拇指,拳头,手掌,鸡蛋)大小[size of a rice grain (pea,walnut,small,ringer,thumb,fist,palm,hen’s egg)]
▲针头大小[pinhead size]
苹果大小[size of an apple]
▲小孩头(成人大小)[size of a(n) infant’s(man’s) head]
•形态[shape]
▲不规则[irregular]
▲结节(颗粒、纺锤)状的[tuberous (granular,spindle-shaped)]
▲光滑(粗糙)的[smooth (coarse)]
▲平坦(凹凸不平)的[flat (uneven)]
▲球(椭园,卵园,园)形的[globular (elliptical,oval,circular)]
•硬度和活动度[hardness and mobility]
▲硬(软)[hard (soft)]
▲石头(骨)样硬[of stone-like (bone-like)]
▲可活动(固定)的[movable (fixed)]
▲与周围组织(结构)固定[be fixed to the surrounding tissues (structures)]
▲压痛[tenderness]
▲融合(粘连)[fusion (adhesion)]
▲肿胀(疤痕)[swelling (fistula)]

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